How to Properly Feed Your Pet Shrimp

Pet shrimp are a popular choice for aquarium enthusiasts due to their vibrant colors, ease of care, and fascinating behavior. However, proper nutrition is crucial for their health and longevity. In this article, we will cover the essential dietary requirements for pet shrimp and the best feeding practices to ensure they receive a balanced diet.

Understanding the Nutritional Needs of Pet Shrimp

Shrimp are omnivores and require a varied diet to meet their nutritional needs. They primarily feed on algae, detritus, and small aquatic creatures such as plankton and insect larvae. In an aquarium setting, a balanced diet for pet shrimp can be achieved through the use of commercial shrimp food and supplementing with live or frozen foods.

The following nutrients are essential for pet shrimp:

  • Protein: Shrimp require high levels of protein to support growth and molting.
  • Lipids: Lipids provide energy and aid in the absorption of fat-soluble vitamins.
  • Vitamins: Vitamins such as Vitamin A, Vitamin C, and Vitamin E play important roles in the overall health and immune system of shrimp.
  • Minerals: Calcium and magnesium are important minerals for the proper growth and development of shrimp exoskeletons.

Choosing the Right Shrimp Food

Commercial shrimp food is the most convenient option for providing a balanced diet for pet shrimp. When selecting a shrimp food, look for a high-quality product that contains a variety of protein sources, including fish meal, krill, and squid. Some shrimp foods also contain added vitamins and minerals to ensure a balanced diet.

It is also important to consider the size and type of shrimp you have as some species may have different dietary requirements. For example, dwarf shrimp may require smaller pellets compared to larger species.

Supplementing with Live and Frozen Foods

In addition to commercial shrimp food, live and frozen foods can be used to supplement the diet of pet shrimp. Popular options include brine shrimp, daphnia, and bloodworms. These foods can provide a source of protein and also stimulate natural feeding behavior.

When feeding live or frozen foods, it is important to provide only what the shrimp can consume in a 2-3 minute period to prevent overfeeding and water quality issues.

Best Feeding Practices for Pet Shrimp

  • Feed shrimp in small amounts two to three times a day.
  • Avoid overfeeding as uneaten food can lead to water quality issues.
  • Provide a variety of foods to ensure a balanced diet.
  • Observe the shrimp to determine if they are consuming their food and adjust the amount offered as necessary.

Understanding the Role of Algae in Shrimp Diets

In their natural habitat, shrimp feed on a variety of algae, including green algae, blue-green algae, and diatoms. Algae provide a source of protein, lipids, and vitamins that are essential to the health and well-being of shrimp.

In an aquarium setting, it can be challenging to maintain a sufficient amount of algae for shrimp to feed on. To overcome this challenge, it is recommended to supplement the diet with commercial shrimp food and live or frozen foods as mentioned above.

Supplementing with Calcium and Magnesium

In addition to providing a balanced diet, it is important to ensure that pet shrimp receive sufficient levels of calcium and magnesium. These minerals play an important role in the growth and development of the shrimp exoskeleton.

A lack of calcium and magnesium can lead to softening of the exoskeleton, making the shrimp more susceptible to disease and parasites. To overcome this, it is recommended to supplement the diet with calcium and magnesium additives or provide cuttlebone for the shrimp to feed on.


In conclusion, pet shrimp require a balanced diet to maintain good health and longevity. This can be achieved through the use of commercial shrimp food and supplementing with live and frozen foods. Proper feeding practices, including avoiding overfeeding and providing a variety of foods, are also essential. By following these guidelines, you can ensure your pet shrimp receive the proper nutrition they need to thrive in your aquarium.